SURPLUS Definition

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SURPLUS generally means any excess amount, but in finance it is the remainder of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose. In a corporation, surplus means assets left after liabilities and debt, including capital stock, has been subtracted.

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COST OVERRUN is the amount by which an entity exceeds or expects to exceed the estimated cost to completion of: a. a product; b. a process; or, c. the final limitations of costs stipulated in a contract.

INVERSE FLOATING RATE is a security that has a fixed maturity with a coupon rate that is reset at a pre-specified amount, minus a given short-term rate or index, such as 18% minus the six-month LIBOR rate, or 30% minus three times the 30-day commercial paper composite rate. These instruments provide a way to hedge against lower short-term rates and/or a steeper yield curoe without extending the maturity. As short­term rates decline, the coupon rate increases.

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