TAX is a charge against a legal entitys person or property or activity for the support of government, e.g. income taxes, sales taxes, duties and levies.
ADJUSTED BOOK VALUE is the value that results after one or more asset or liability amounts are added, deleted, or changed from their respective financial statement amounts. It can be stated in either one of two ways, i.e. Tangible Book Value or Economic Book Value (also known as Book Value at Market). Tangible Book Value is different than Economic Book Value in that it deducts from asset value intangible assets, which are assets that are not hard (e.g., goodwill, patents, capitalized start-up expenses and deferred financing costs).
PREMIUM ON CAPITAL STOCK is excess received over the par value of stock issued. The premium account is shown under the paid-in capital section of stockholders equity because it resulted from the issuance of stock. It is not an income statement account since the company earns profit by selling goods and services to outsiders, not by issuing shares of stock to owners.
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