TIMES INTEREST EARNED (TIE) measures the extent to which operating income can decline before the firm is unable to meet its annual interest costs. The TIE ratio is used by bankers to assess a firm's ability to pay their liabilities. TIE determines how many times during the year the company has earned the annual interest costs associated with servicing its debt. Normally, a banker will be looking for a TIE ratio to be 2.0 or greater, showing that a business is earning the interest charges two or more times each year. A value of 1.0 or less suggests that the firm is not earning sufficient amounts to cover interest charges. Formula: Earnings Before Interest & Taxes [EBIT] / Interest Charges
DISOUNT FOR LACK OF MARKETABILITY is an amount or percentage deducted from the value of an ownership interest to reflect the relative absence of marketability.
PAYMENT is the satisfaction of a debt or claim; primarily money paid to fulfill an obligation.
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