TOP-DOWN BUDGETING is where budgets are created by starting from the highest level working towards the bottom using parametric relationships. A monetary value is placed on an individual unit (product, service, materials, and labor hour). An estimate of the number of units required is then converted to currency by multiplying the quantity of units by the unit price.
ICFA is Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts.
SOFT ASSETS are human resources (people, skills and knowledge) and intangible assets (information, brands, and reputation). Soft assets are hard to value and are not usually reflected in the books of account, nor are they typically subjected to periodic inventory. See also HARD ASSETS.
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