TOPSIDE ACCOUNTING ADJUSTMENTS/DEVICES Definition

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TOPSIDE ACCOUNTING ADJUSTMENTS/DEVICES is an illegal practice to where accountants manipulate its accounting practices to close gaps between actual operating results and results reported to the investing public. Accountants then falsely represent to the public that their audits were conducted in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards (GAAS) and that an entitys financial reports fairly represent the entitys financial condition and were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).

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JUNK BOND is a bond with a speculative credit rating of BB or lower. Such bonds offer investors higher yields than bonds of financially sound companies. Two agencies, Standard & Poors and Moodys Investor Services, provide the rating systems for companies credit. See HIGH YIELD JUNK.

STATISTICAL is making inferences in uncertain situations using applied mathematics. Measurements from a small group (the sample) are used to infer the behavior of a larger group, the population. Probability theory determines how well the sample represents the population.

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