TOPSIDE ACCOUNTING ADJUSTMENTS/DEVICES is an illegal practice to where accountants manipulate its accounting practices to close gaps between actual operating results and results reported to the investing public. Accountants then falsely represent to the public that their audits were conducted in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards (GAAS) and that an entitys financial reports fairly represent the entitys financial condition and were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).
EDGAR is Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval. EDGAR is an electronic system developed by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). EDGAR permits companies to electronically file documents required for securities offerings and ongoing disclosure obligations with the SEC. EDGAR became fully operational mid-1995.
IRCA is International Register of Certified Auditors.
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