TRANSPOSITION ERROR Definition

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TRANSPOSITION ERROR is the unintentional exchange of two elements of an ordered list with all others staying the same. A transposition is therefore a permutation of two elements. For example, the swapping of 2 and 5 to take the list 123456 to 153426 is a transposition. In this example, if the newly ordered list of 153426 was unintentional, it would be commonly called a transposition error. In accounting, an error in copying a number from one place to another is a transposition error.

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PIPE (Private Investment in Public Equity) refers to any private placement of securities of an already-public company that is made to selected accredited investors (usually to selected institutional accredited investors) wherein investors enter into a purchase agreement committing them to purchase securities and, usually, requiring the issuer to file a resale registration statement covering the resale from time to time of the securities the investors purchased in the private placement. PIPE transactions may involve the sale of common stock, convertible preferred stock, convertible debentures, warrants, or other equity or equity-like securities of an already-public company. There are a number of common PIPE transactions, including:

  • the sale of common stock at a fixed price;
  • the sale of common stock at a fixed price, together with fixed price warrants;
  • the sale of common stock at a fixed price, together with resettable or variable priced warrants;
  • the sale of common stock at a variable price;
  • the sale of convertible preferred stock or convertible debt; and
  • a venture-style private placement for an already-public company.

OBSERVE / OBSERVATION is to watch and test a client action, e.g., taking inventory.

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