TREASURY STOCK is stock reacquired by the issuing company and available for retirement or resale. It is issued but not outstanding. It cannot be voted and it pays or accrues no dividends. It is not included in any of the ratios measuring values per common share. The presence of treasury stock/shares and a history of stock buyback are indicators that the firm has a sustainable competitive advantage.
PRUDENCE is having foresight and caution along with discretion, and to not act recklessly.
OPERATING COST is the expense of maintaining property (e.g., paying property taxes and utilities and insurance) it does not include depreciation or the cost of financing or income taxes. Also known as OPERATING EXPENSE.
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