TREASURY STOCK is stock reacquired by the issuing company and available for retirement or resale. It is issued but not outstanding. It cannot be voted and it pays or accrues no dividends. It is not included in any of the ratios measuring values per common share. The presence of treasury stock/shares and a history of stock buyback are indicators that the firm has a sustainable competitive advantage.
ERROR OF OMISSION is an error which occurs as a result of an action not taken. In accounting, the error occurs when both the entries required for a transaction are completely omitted from the books.
LOCKBOX is 1. a fireproof metal strongbox (usually in a bank) for storing valuables e.g., a safety deposit box; and, 2. a service offered by banks to companies in which the company receives payments by mail to a post office box and the bank picks up the payments several times a day, deposits them into the companys account, and notifies the company of the deposit. This enables the company to put the money to work as soon as its received, but the amounts must be large in order for the value obtained to exceed the cost of the service.
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