TRUE-UP, generally, is to make level, square, balanced, or concentric. Used in business as an expression meaning to "bring into alignment" with predetermined criteria or process.
TOP-DOWN BUDGETING is where budgets are created by starting from the highest level working towards the bottom using parametric relationships. A monetary value is placed on an individual unit (product, service, materials, and labor hour). An estimate of the number of units required is then converted to currency by multiplying the quantity of units by the unit price.
MACRO ENVIRONMENT is the external factors which affect a company's planning and performance, and are beyond its control: e.g, socio-economic, government regulations, legal and technological change.
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