UNDERABSORBED OVERHEAD is where total overhead has not been fully allocated to products sold or services offered. Such a condition can result in an understatement of COGS or cost of sales.
PERIOD COST is an expense that is not inventoriable; it is charged against sales revenues in the period in which the revenue is earned (e.g., SG&A is a period cost). Also called period expense.
BATCH COSTING is the identification and assignment of those costs incurred in completing the manufacture of a specified batch of components. Having arrived at the batch cost, the unit cost is simply derived by dividing it by the number of components in the batch.
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