VALUE STOCK is a stock that trades at a lower price relative to its fundamentals (i.e. earnings, dividends, sales, etc.) thereby being considered undervalued by a value investor. Common characteristics of such stocks include a high dividend yield, low price-to-book ratio and/or low price-to-earnings ratio.
DEVOLVED BUDGETING follows from devolving managerial responsibility, and assumes that those who are closest to the point of delivery of product/service and other activities will normally be in the best position to make informed choices between alternative courses of action. For devolved budgeting to be fully effective, the budget holder should maintain proper control of the costs being charged to him or her and be accountable for performance against budget. The budget structures are being scrutinized continuously, the aim being to establish what further scope exists for useful devolution of authority and responsibility
PER DIEM is a. one every day (e.g., save 10 man-hours per diem) or, b. payment of daily expenses and/or fees of an employee or an agent.
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