VARIANCE ANALYSIS Definition

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VARIANCE ANALYSIS is the analysis of performance by means of variances. Used to promote management action at the earliest possible stages. After a budget (based on standard costs) has been set, its usefulness lies in the review procedures which compare actual results against the budget. Variance analysis is the process of examining in detail each variance between actual and budgeted/expected/standard costs to determine the reasons why budgeted results were not met (material costs too high, sales prices too low, etc.).

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COUPON is: 1) The annual interest rate on a fixed income security, set at the time it was issued, at which that instru­ment will accrue and pay interest. 2) Small pieces of paper attached to nonregistered interest-bearing instru­ments that reflect the semiannual amounts of interest to be paid. These coupons are cut out and tendered on the appropriate coupon dates, and the interest is then paid.

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