VARIANCE ANALYSIS is the analysis of performance by means of variances. Used to promote management action at the earliest possible stages. After a budget (based on standard costs) has been set, its usefulness lies in the review procedures which compare actual results against the budget. Variance analysis is the process of examining in detail each variance between actual and budgeted/expected/standard costs to determine the reasons why budgeted results were not met (material costs too high, sales prices too low, etc.).
BUSINESS PUBLICATIONS AUDIT (BPA) is similar to the Audit Bureau of Circulation; the BPA is a third-party organization that verifies the circulation of print media through periodic audits.
COUPON is: 1) The annual interest rate on a fixed income security, set at the time it was issued, at which that instrument will accrue and pay interest. 2) Small pieces of paper attached to nonregistered interest-bearing instruments that reflect the semiannual amounts of interest to be paid. These coupons are cut out and tendered on the appropriate coupon dates, and the interest is then paid.
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