VENDOR MANAGED INVENTORY (VMI) is a process in which a supplier generates orders for its distributor based on demand information sent by the distributor. Vendor Managed Inventory was first applied to the grocery industry, between companies like Procter & Gamble (supplier) and Wal-Mart (distributor). But increasingly, Vendor Managed Inventory is providing the benefits of smoother demand, increased sales, lower inventories and reduced costs to other industries.
TONE AT THE TOP refers to how an organization's leadership creates the tone at the top - an ethical (or unethical) atmosphere in the workplace. Management's tone has a trickle-down effect on employees. If top managers uphold ethics and integrity so will employees. But if upper management appears unconcerned with ethics and focuses solely on the bottom line, employees will be more prone to commit fraud and feel that ethical conduct isn't a priority. In short, employees will follow the examples of their bosses
MATERIAL CONTROL normally refers to the department responsible for the proactive control of materials within a manufacturing environment: Do procedures exist for storage, release, and movement of material? Are materials in stores identified and controlled? Are in-process materials identified and controlled? Are materials in inspection identified and controlled? Do storage areas and facilities provide control to protect material from degradation? Are nonconforming items identified, segregated and controlled?
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