VERTICAL INTEGRATION is the extent to which a firm owns its upstream suppliers and its downstream buyers. Control upstream is referred to as backward integration (towards suppliers of raw material), while control of activities downstream (towards the eventual buyer) is referred to as forward integration.
LOCKBOX is 1. a fireproof metal strongbox (usually in a bank) for storing valuables e.g., a safety deposit box; and, 2. a service offered by banks to companies in which the company receives payments by mail to a post office box and the bank picks up the payments several times a day, deposits them into the companys account, and notifies the company of the deposit. This enables the company to put the money to work as soon as its received, but the amounts must be large in order for the value obtained to exceed the cost of the service.
RECEIVABLE is an amount awaiting receipt of payment.
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