WEIGHTED AVERAGE is one in which different data in the data set are given different "weights." Varying subjective assumptions are derived for determining the level of importance for each data category. For example, many teachers will use a "weighted average" when calculating a students grade in a course. A teacher might determine the final grade for the course by calculating that the test average is 60% of the grade, quiz average is 30% of the grade, and a single project is 10% of the grade.
SHORT SALE is the selling of a security that the seller does not own, or any sale that is completed by the delivery of a security borrowed by the seller. Such sales are made in anticipation of a decline in the price of the security to enable the seller to cover the sale with a purchase at a later date, at a lower price, and thus at a profit. Short sellers assume the risk that they will be able to buy the stock at a more favorable price than the price at which they sold short.
FLOATING-RATE CMO is a collateralized mortgage obligation with a variable interest rate, usually reset quarterly, and set at a basis point spread over LIBOR. Also known as: Continuously Offered Long-Term Securities (COLTS), Floating Interest Rate Short-Term Securities (FIRSTS), Home Owner Mortgage Eurosecurities (HOMES), Option to Purchase or Sell Specific Mortgage-Backed Securities (OPOSSMS).
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