WRITE-OFF is to decrease the value of an item, e.g., a tax write-off decreases tax liability, a vehicle involved in an accident can be declared a write-off if the cost to repair is in excess of the value of the vehicle.
ADVERSE OPINION is expressed if the basis of accounting is unacceptable and distorts the financial reporting of the corporation. If auditors discover circumstances during the course of the audit that make them question whether they can issue an unqualified opinion, they should always discuss those circumstances with the client before issuing the opinion, in order to determine whether it is possible to rectify the problem.
EXTENSION is a. In options, the expiration date. Occasionally the parties to an option contract will agree to extend the expiration to a certain date in the future; b. In taxes, the day that one must file one's return if one asked the tax agency for more time to do it. For example, in the United States the deadline to file tax returns is 15 April. If a taxpayer is unable to make this deadline, he/she may ask the IRS for an extension until 15 October. In this case, 15 October is the extension date; or, c. In an offer for bids on a contract, the date to which a deadline is lengthened. If there is either a lack of interest or no good bids on a contract, the company or government offering it may extend the deadline to allow other companies to decide whether to make a bid. This second deadline is the extension date.
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