YEAR-END ADJUSTMENT Definition

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YEAR-END ADJUSTMENT is the process of adjusting the entry to an account at the end of the calendar or fiscal year in order to properly state it for financial statement preparation purposes. The various  required adjustments include accrual or deferral of a revenue or expense item, reclassification, to conform book figures to physical inventory counts, and reflecting unusual transactions.

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OPEN MARKET OPERATIONS is the purchases and sales of gov­ernment and certain other securities in the open market by the New York Federal Reserve Bank as directed by the Federal Reserve in order to influence the volume of money and credit in the economy. Purchases inject reserves into the depository system and foster expansion in money and credit; sales have the opposite effect. Open market operations are the Federal Reserve's most impor­tant and most flexible monetary policy tool. They are used to promote higher or lower growth in money and credit, and to offset undesirable changes in the reserve positions of depository institutions stemming from movements in currency, float, Treasury deposits and other factors.

 EQUIPMENT TRUST CERTIFICATE is a bond that is secured by a first claim (lien) on certain equipment. The title to the equipment is held in trust until the bond is paid off.

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