YEAR-END DIVIDEND is a payment to stockholders from retained earnings, declared at the end to a business year.
FUNDAMENTALS are factors which are 'fundamental' to the working of a company's business, its profitability, operating costs, product prices, technical innovations, etc. Company analysis taking into account these fundamental factors facilitates share valuation. See FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS.
COST OF CONTROL (COC) is the amount paid by a holding company, sometimes at a premium, for shares in its subsidiary company over and above the value they would command as an investment, in recognition of the particular benefit, which the company gains through control.
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