ZERO BASED BUDGET is where the expenses or costs of the prior year are not taken into consideration when establishing expense or budgetary levels looking forward. Each expense category starts from zero. All expenses or cost levels within the budget must be justified or re-justified as being necessary; thus "zero-base".
TAKEOVER refers to one company (the acquirer) purchasing another (the target). Such events resemble mergers, but without the formation of a new company.
FAIL is the failure of a transaction to be completed. In the settlement of a securities transaction, a fail occurs if the instrument is not paid for or not delivered.
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