FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD Definition

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FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD (FASB) is a professional organization which develops accounting principles.

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DEFEASANCE is a. the release of a debtor from the primary obligation for a debt. A legal defeasance could take place in absolute terms, i.e., the debt could cease to exist for anyone (by being forgiven or set aside), or the creditor could formally recognize that another party has taken over the primary obligation for the debt; and, b. in securities, a technique used by bond issuers to dis­charge old, low-rate debt by purchasing a smaller amount of higher-yielding U.S. Treasury debt. The Treasuries are held in trust to service the old debt being retired.

RESPONSIBILITY ACCOUNTING is the collection, summarization, and reporting of financial information about various decision centers throughout an organization; can also be called profitability accounting or activity accounting. It tracks costs, revenues, or profits to the individual managers who are responsible for making the decisions about costs, revenues, or profits and taking action about them.

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