SUBSCRIBER, in securities, is an entity that contributes (or promises to contribute) a sum of money to purchase securities. The term Subscriber encompasses all Non-Professional and Professional Subscribers. See NON-PROFESSIONAL SUBSCRIBER and PROFESSIONAL SUBSCRIBER.
SMOOTHING is a widely used technique in forecasting trends, seasonality and level change, e.g. averaging month-to-month fluctuations. Works well with data that has a lot of randomness.
PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEM (PPS), in healthcare, is a Medicare administered payment plan where providers are paid a predetermined sum for caring for a given number of consumers. The built in incentive is for providers to control costs, theoretically leading to more cost effective care.
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